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                          Salt is pregnant with twins.                                               Roxanne dropped twins.     Catarina is not pregnant.

Peaches with her newborn Charming. She dropped her second baby five minutes later.

           It is best to be on hand when babies are born. A full, very warm sack is a good indicator you have a 24 hour watch coming!

           A friend of  ours uses a baby monitor. When a goat gives birth everyone on the farm usually knows it! A mother will also start

           seeking out a place away from the herd and sometimes start digging out an area to clear debris away from her new arrival.

          She should be given her own private stall for a few days.

         When the baby drops don't worry about the placenta for up to six hours. If you don't see it after that you may need some vet

              advice as to cleaning her out. It's usually never a problem but there is always a first time.

          Make sure mother is absolutely drinking. Giving her a 50cc dosing syringe of electrolytes starting a week

              before she gives birth and a  couple of days after will keep her from having a painful dry birth, aide in

              good delivery, and keep her in milk. Add a little salt  to her goat grain will encourage her to drink.

          On the subject of grain you do not want big fetuses and fat mothers. Sometimes overweight goats will either not become

              pregnant or abort their fetuses. Big fetuses mean harder births and even c-sections. I give moms all the hay they want, all

              the grass they want and limit the grain depending on the weather to a full scoop on cold miserable days to half a scoop on the

              nice days. We've had over fifty births now and no serious problems.

           After a few hours take warm soapy water and clean new mom's tail and utters. You will need to do this almost daily for a week

              to make cleaning this sticky residue easier and to keep flies from laying eggs and causing more problems. If she gets loose

              stools put her on more hay and even take the grain for a day or two. Keep her cleaned up. Some goats under stress carry

              the coxidia "bug" and I'll give these does Corrid 5cc to the mouth for three days. They'll ignore the water version and then

              get dehydrated on top of having diarrhea and then we'll go down a whole new rabbit hole. Yah, it's strong and it's bitter give

              her a handful of grain and it's all over.

           First time moms should be two years old when their babies are born. Younger does lack size to give birth and may struggle. Pay

              especially close attention to first time moms.

           Play it safe in cold weather and bring your moms into an area with heat lamps on. In 2016 I was really ill and the people

              watching my herd failed to check the heat of my does sacks and sure enough my registered doe gave birth and the babies

              froze to death. Triplets at that. I am still sick about it. I should have just had everyone make her a spot and bring the three does

              I was watching in until I could get up and about again. Yah, had the flu that bad. I learned a lesson that day.

            Also, fresh kidded doe   colostrums is  poisonous to older kids who mayltry to nurse on her.

                     They will get a serious case of diarrhea! Usually new mom's will butt away another doe's kids. If they don't you need

                      to either separate the ninny thief for three days or the new mother and her babies.

            Worming mothers. Well, I learned a lesson last year. I do not recommend worming does with anything but safeguard and not

                after their third month. I do not worm the kids until they are three weeks old. When the worms die inside the goat they

                are also in the unborn babies gut. On top of that some worms will go through intestinal walls to escape and bloat the goat. I

                lost my favorite goat this way. She had babies and coxidia and I wormed her thinking worms was the cause of the

               diarrhea. That's when I learned about wormer's being a poison. This year, 2016, all my babies are fat and no weak looking

                does. Two weeks after the babies were born I wormed mother with no issues. Babies got their first dose of safeguard a week

                later. (No doubt they got a light dose in mother's milk.) Now I'll worm the whole herd with injectable ivermectin orally

                in three weeks. I spread diametric earth over all the  bare spots they lay in and even sprinkle some in their feed as it is edible.





Bottle Feeding


  • A new kid that won't suck might be encourage with a little sticky molasses or kero syrup on the nipple. Be patient. A really weak kid, especially those whisked away from there mother to be heated and treated forget the "rooting" instinct. Cup your hands in a "V" shape and put a tiny cat/puppy bottle with a long nipple between your fingers. They seem to follow heat. (Gidget is an hour old. We stimulated her with Kero then gave her mother's colostrums by bottle.)


  • A goat off of milk for 24 hours has a chance of becoming lactose intolerant because the fragile intestinal bacteria which process it will die off. Try to keep just a little milk in its system. Even a tablespoon.


  • Feed a goat with its head up. The liquid can go down in it's lungs and quickly turn to pneumonia.



   Mr. Doodles is displaying the natural head position for feeding. This position allows the milk to enter the rumen.


  • Feeding Electrolytes and Milk Replacer at the same time can cause problems. They react somehow.


  • A baby will not nurse if it is too cold.


  • Formula should be so warm the bottle is 105 degrees. Using the cat bottle this translates to someone with sensitive fingers to almost not being able to hold the bottle. Keep a hot pan of water nearby and keep dipping the bottle in it. Babies seem to not like the taste of the nipple (or else it's stiff nature). The hole should allow the milk to drip just barely. I pin cushioned the tip with a needle, too.


  • To get a goat to drink out of a bucket stand facing away from the kid. Cup the muzzle and allow it to suck on a finger. Lower your hand into the bucket. Slowly get your finger out of the way. Some get it right off, others...hmmm. (Or you could let the baby watch your Labrador drink out of her water bowl and encourage her to join in! That was a whole lot easier. Thanks Lass!)


  • It is very important that a new baby receive colostrums from its mother within two hours is best. A tablespoon is all it takes for the first eight hours to go well. Add a dab of Kero to the babies mouth if the baby is weak. You can freeze goat colostrums and keep it for several months. You can get some at most feed stores.


  • A baby should ideally drink one ounce of milk every hour. So if you feed every two hours they should get two ounce and so on. Adjust this to the size of the baby. A smaller one may need less. A weaker one will need fed more often to get the ounce it needs.


  • Don't use a syringe to feed unless it is absolutely the only way to get liquid in them. Even then put it on the tip of their front teeth and make them swallow. Babies have the Rumen stomach which is where their food is digested. Swallowing without forcefully sucking puts it in the undeveloped regular stomach. Until their sucking, I don't give anything but warm water and Kero syrup. The sugar goes right through that regular stomach to give them a power boost.


  • I absolutely recommend Universal Milk 24 as the formula of choice. As I've said I give a paste of plain yogurt and probiotics once a day. I also recommend one squirt of the vitamin goat drench once a day. I don't recommend medicated formulas because medicines strip the bacteria you are trying to establish! Universal Milk 24 is great for all types of babies and if you need medicine you can add it to the regimen without fear of reaction. I love it and if I could figure out how to endorse it and get paid for it I sure would!


  • Feed Probios daily. For the first month if formula feeding. It contains microorganisms for good digestion. Mix the powder with plain yogurt to double the effect and ensure they get the dosage. Weakened animals benefit from a four day double dose of 5cc for babies and 10 for larger goats who are recovering from diarrhea.


  • I also feed  plain yogurt to my bottle fed calves (and every puppy, kitten, goat kid) for the first month then "wean" them off it gradually. The yogurt contains lots of good bacteria for the intestinal tract. Definitely give this to a weak kid for the first four days of its life along with the vitamin drench .(Good for humans to! The good bacteria create biotin which is essential for healthy hair, bones and nails in animals. A biotin supplement for horses strengthens their hooves.)


  • Do not use the microwave to heat anything, but water. Vitamins are zapped by the waves. I learned this in a nutrition class at college.


  • Use vitamin drench on newborns as soon as possible. Weaklings should be dosed every eight hours for three days.


  • Don't forget to get yourself a baby sitter. Instruct your sitter as to what the kid needs and get yourself some rest!







  • Iodine naval cords and all four feet preferable before they walk. This also helps dry it up quicker.


  • A tip on newborn ears. We had a baby born with what we thought was fatty, fleshy ears. It turned out the thickness was actually an infection that needed to be drained. Because we had no way of knowing this was not normal the infection killed the ends of the baby's ears before it broke out. It folded the tips of the ears tight and turned them into "beef jerky." The infection we treated with penicillin. We then took the baby to the vet. Unfortunately there was nothing to do but use Bag Balm mixed with Wonder Dust to limit the proud flesh. We washed the ears daily with soapy water, soaked them in Epsom salts to encourage the infection to leave, scrubbed them with iodine and then applied the Bag Balm/Wonder Dust mix. The dead part of the ear had to be slowly snipped away as it broke loose from the living tissue. The vet said she had never seen anything like it. I hope I never see this again!



  • Keep buckets clean. Use dish liquid to wash. Use bleach once a week on feeders. 


  • A teaspoon of molasses or Kero syrup  are some quick sources of sugar.


  • Too much of a good thing can be a bad thing. When treating with electrolyte products be careful of double dosing.


  • Music is known for its healing power. Try some calm symphony or nature tapes, especially at night. Can't hurt. I used to put my own daughters to bed to the tunes of their favorite cassette tapes. (I know- what's a cassette tape?)


  • Keep a buddy within baa range. A friend is a comfort. Even if it is a horse or a dog.



 Note: It is easier to mix the Re-sorb in a 2qt container and use the portion as warm water. For example 1qt of warm Resorb

would replace the 1qt of just  plain old warm water.  Don't use on nursing kids or with formula! Electrolytes and formula do not agree

with each other!







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